Jupiter: The Biggest Planet in our Solar System! Learn 13 Interesting Facts (2023)

What is the biggest planet in the Solar System?The answer for this question would be “Jupiter”.

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun, between Mars and Saturn. It is the biggest planet in the solar system. In fact, Jupiter is so big that it could easily swallow all of the other planets around it in the solar system.

Jupiter is considered a gas giant. This is because it consists of gas. In fact, Jupiter is very similar to a star, but it has never got big enough to start burning as stars do. The average distance between Jupiter and the Sun is about 778 million kilometers.

(Video) Jupiter Facts for Kids!

Surface and Structure

Jupiter is one of the gas giant planets. This kind of planet consists almost entirely of gases. The main two gases that Jupiter consists of are hydrogen and helium. Jupiter has no solid surface. Instead, it has layers of clouds that appear in colored spots and bright and dark stripes. One of those spots is a huge storm called the Great Red Spot. Deep inside Jupiter, the pressure increases so much that it turns hydrogen gas into liquid, and then into metal. This area is so hot and thick, and it may reach temperatures of 45,000° F (25,000° C). Finally, there is a rocky core under the hydrogen, and it is about the size of Earth.

Atmosphere

Jupiter has a huge and thick atmosphere. In fact, it is the largest atmosphere of a planet in the Solar System. It consists mostly of molecular hydrogen and helium. It also contains small amounts of many other gases, including methane, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, water vapor, and nitrogen.

Clouds form in the lower parts of Jupiter’s atmosphere. The temperature there gets colder when moving high above the planet. The middle and upper levels of the atmosphere are hotter because the gases absorb solar radiation. The clouds appear in dark and bright colors. Scientists think that they vary in color because they contain different chemicals.

The atmosphere of Jupiter is also stormy and unstable. The clouds form and change within hours or days. However, the wind currents have been stable for more than decades. Strong winds blow east or west through the atmosphere, and they are sometimes interrupted by large storms that appear from above as ovals.

The Great Red Spot

The most constant feature in the atmosphere of Jupiter is the Great Red Spot. It has been observed from Earth continuously since 1878, and it may even be the same storm that was observed from 1665 to 1713. The spot is a huge storm in the shape of an oval in the southern hemisphere of Jupiter. It has strong winds that swirl counterclockwise about a center in which the pressure is so high.

(Video) Solar System 101 | National Geographic

The Great Red Spot covers a huge area that is larger than Earth itself. It is about 16,500 kilometers wide, and it has been shrinking since the late 19th century. Since 2012, the Great Red Spot has become more circular and has been shrinking faster. It loses about 900 kilometers in width each year.

Jupiter: The Biggest Planet in our Solar System! Learn 13 Interesting Facts (1)

Temperature

Thesource oftemperatureonJupiter is its inner part, nottheSun.So, the temperature on Jupiter depends on the height from the surface.The average temperature on Jupiter is -145 °C (-234 °F). Near the center of the planet, the temperature isveryhigh and may beabout24,000 °C (43,000 °F) at the core, which is hotter than the Sun’s surface.About 50kilometersabove the surface, the temperature decreases and rangesfrom -100 °C (-150 °F) to -160 °C (-260 °F). In the clouds of Jupiter, the temperature is about -145 °C (-234 °F).

Size

Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System. It is so huge that it could contain more than 1,000 Earths. Its diameter is about 143,000 kilometers. This is more than 11 times the diameter of Earth, and more than 29 times the diameter of Mercury. More than 24,000 Mercury’s would fit inside Jupiter.

Jupiter: The Biggest Planet in our Solar System! Learn 13 Interesting Facts (2)

Orbit and Rotation

Like other planets, Jupiter has two types of motion: orbit around the Sun and spin about its centre. Jupiter orbits the Sun very slowly. It takes about 12 Earth years to complete one orbit, so a year on Jupiter lasts about 12 Earth years. On the contrary, Jupiter rotates, or spins, rapidly about its center. It takes less than 10 hours to complete one rotation, so a day on Jupiter lasts less than 10 hours.

Moons

Jupiter has 79 known moons. It has the second largest number of moons with stable orbits of any planet in the Solar System. Most of Jupiter’s moons are very small. However, it has four very large moons: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede. Those four massive moons are called Galilean moons, and they were discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei. They were the first discovered objects to orbit a body in the Solar System other than Earth and the Sun.

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Ganymede is larger than the planet Mercury, and it has its own magnetic field. Scientists believe that Europa and Ganymede may have water ice beneath their surfaces. Io is the most volcanic body in the solar system.

Rings

Jupiter has 3 ring systems surrounding it. They are thin and very faint and hard to see. The rings consist of rocks and tiny rocks. They are much smaller and dimmer than the rings of the planet Saturn.

Name

Planet Jupiter is named after the Roman god “Jupiter”, who was the king of gods. To the ancient Greeks, he was known as Zeus, and they believed that it was their most powerful god. The Romans gave this name to the planet because of its huge size.

Discovery and Exploration

People have observed Jupiter from Earth since ancient times because it can be seen without a telescope.

In 1973, scientists sent a space probe called Pioneer 10 to explore Jupiter. The probe flew by the planet and collected information about it. They also sent another one called Pioneer 11.

(Video) 101 Facts About Jupiter

After the Pioneer probes, NASA sent other probes called Voyager 1 and 2. They gave us the first close up shots of Jupiter’s moons. Since then, there have been many more probes to fly by Jupiter.

The only spacecraft that has orbited Jupiter was the Galileo in 1995. It dropped a probe toward Jupiter that sailed through the layers of gases and collected information about them. It was the first human-made object to make contact with a gas giant planet.

Jupiter: The Biggest Planet in our Solar System! Learn 13 Interesting Facts (3)

13 Interesting Facts About the Biggest Planet: Jupiter

  1. Jupiter is bright in our night sky, and it is actually the third brightest objects, after the Moon and Venus.
  2. Jupiter is one of the five visible planets from Earth. The others are Mercury, Venus, Mars and Saturn.
  3. Jupiter is the most massive planet in the Solar System. Its mass is almost twice of all the Solar System’s planets combined. Its Mass is around 318 times larger than that of Earth.
  4. Some astronomers consider Jupiter a failed star because of its mass.
  5. If Jupiter would be more massive than it currently is, it would become a star just like the Sun.
  6. Jupiter generates high amounts of heat because it is so massive. The heat it generates is actually more than the heat it receives from the Sun.
  7. Because of the large amount of heat it radiates, Jupiter shrinks about 2 centimetres every year. Scientists do not know when it will stop shrinking.
  8. Every 13 months, Jupiter comes closer to us and becomes very bright in the night sky.
  9. Jupiter is like a vacuum cleaner to the Solar System. Its powerful gravity attracts many of the comets and asteroids to hit it rather than other planets. Jupiter is exposed to the impacts of asteroids and comets 200 times more than Earth is.
  10. There are dangerous waves of radiation surrounding Jupiter that make it hard for spacecraft to approach the planet.
  11. If you would weigh 100 pounds on Earth, on Jupiter you would weigh 240 pounds because of the gravitational force. So, on Jupiter, you would weigh 2.5 times more than on Earth.
  12. Scientists believe that there are many chances for Jupiter’s moon Europa to develop and support life.
  13. A space journey from Earth to Jupiter takes about 13 months.

FAQs

What are 10 about Jupiter? ›

Jupiter is covered in swirling cloud stripes. It has big storms like the Great Red Spot, which has been going for hundreds of years. Jupiter is a gas giant and doesn't have a solid surface, but it may have a solid inner core about the size of Earth. Jupiter also has rings, but they're too faint to see very well.

What are 10 facts about Jupiter for kids? ›

Top 10 Facts about Jupiter
  • Jupiter is the 5th planet away from The Sun. ...
  • It is the biggest planet in our Solar System. ...
  • Jupiter has rings, but they're too faint to see very well. ...
  • Jupiter has 80 moons. ...
  • Jupiter is a Gas Giant. ...
  • A day on Jupiter is super fast. ...
  • A year on Jupiter is the same as 11.8 Earth years.

What are 100 interesting facts about Jupiter? ›

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system and is the fifth planet out from the Sun.
...
Jupiter Facts.
Equatorial Diameter:142,984 km
Moons:79 (Io, Europa, Ganymede & Callisto)
Rings:4
Orbit Distance:778,340,821 km (5.20 AU)
Orbit Period:4,333 days (11.9 years)
5 more rows

Why is Jupiter 10 hours a day? ›

Earth takes 24 hours to complete one spin, and Mars takes 25 hours. The gas giants rotate really fast. Jupiter takes just 10 hours to complete one rotation.

How old is Jupiter? ›

Why is Jupiter famous? ›

Jupiter is known for its stripes and large red spot. The Galileo spacecraft took this photo of Jupiter's Great Red Spot in 1996. Jupiter's four largest moons (Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto) are known as the Galilean satellites because they were discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610.

What is Jupiter famous for? ›

Jupiter's iconic Great Red Spot is a giant storm bigger than Earth that has raged for hundreds of years. Jupiter is surrounded by dozens of moons. Jupiter also has several rings, but unlike the famous rings of Saturn, Jupiter's rings are very faint and made of dust, not ice.

What are 5 interesting facts about Jupiter for kids? ›

It has big storms like the Great Red Spot, which has been going for hundreds of years.
...
Structure and Surface
  • Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system.
  • Jupiter is a gas giant. It is made mostly of hydrogen and helium.
  • Jupiter has a very thick atmosphere.
  • Jupiter has rings, but they're very hard to see.

What is Jupiter full name? ›

Jupiter (Latin: Iūpiter or Iuppiter, from Proto-Italic *djous "day, sky" + *patēr "father", thus "sky father" Greek: Δίας or Ζεύς), also known as Jove (gen. Iovis [ˈjɔwɪs]), is the god of the sky and thunder, and king of the gods in ancient Roman religion and mythology.
...
Jupiter (mythology)
Jupiter
Other namesJove
22 more rows

Is Jupiter the king planet? ›

The planet Jupiter's more massive than all the other planets in the Solar System put together. It's a stormy mass of raging gas and metallic hydrogen.

What are 10 interesting facts about Neptune? ›

10 Need-to-Know Things About Neptune
  • Giant. Neptune is about four times wider than Earth. ...
  • Eighth Wanderer. Neptune orbits our Sun, a star, and is the eighth planet from the Sun at a distance of about 2.8 billion miles (4.5 billion kilometers).
  • Short Day, Long Year. ...
  • Ice Giant. ...
  • Gassy. ...
  • Moons. ...
  • Faint Rings. ...
  • One Voyage There.

What are 10 interesting facts about Venus? ›

Top 10 Facts about Venus
  • Venus is the second closest planet to The Sun. ...
  • It is the hottest planet in the Solar System. ...
  • There are yellow clouds on Venus. ...
  • The Pressure on Venus would Crush You. ...
  • Venus is the only planet in our Solar System that rotates Clockwise. ...
  • A day on Venus lasts 243 Earth Days.

Is Jupiter hot or cold? ›

Overall, Jupiter's average temperature is -238 degrees F. Since Jupiter is only tilted slightly more then 3 degrees on its axis, seasonal fluctuations are minimal.

What planet has 82 moons? ›

Saturn has 83 moons. Sixty-three moons are confirmed and named, and another 20 moons are awaiting confirmation of discovery and official naming by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Saturn's moons range in size from larger than the planet Mercury – the giant moon Titan – to as small as a sports arena.

What is Jupiter's one year? ›

How long is Jupiter's 365 days? ›

Jupiter is another interesting case. Whereas the gas giant only takes 9 hours 55 minutes and 30 seconds to rotate once on its axis, it also takes alson 11.8618 Earth years to complete an orbit around the Sun. This means that a year on Jupiter is not only the equivalent of 4,332.59 Earth days, but 10,475.8 Jovian days.

Is Jupiter 4 years away? ›

On average, it would take about six years to reach Jupiter from Earth. For example, the Galileo spacecraft, which was launched in 1989, arrived at the gas giant in 1995 but happened because it had a very strategic route in mind.

Is Jupiter ever hot? ›

It's really hot inside Jupiter! No one knows exactly how hot, but scientists think it could be about 43,000°F (24,000°C) near Jupiter's center, or core. Jupiter is made up almost entirely of hydrogen and helium. On the surface of Jupiter–and on Earth–those elements are gases.

How old is the eye on Jupiter? ›

Located 22 degrees south of Jupiter's equator, it produces wind-speeds up to 432 km/h (268 mph). Observations from 1665 to 1713 are believed to be of the same storm; if this is correct, it has existed for at least 357 years.

Is Jupiter is a god? ›

Jupiter was a sky-god who Romans believed oversaw all aspects of life; he is thought to have originated from the Greek god Zeus. Jupiter also concentrated on protecting the Roman state.

What is Jupiter's nickname? ›

While Jupiter does not have a nickname as well-known as Mars (the red planet), its most common nickname is simply the Gas Giant.

Who Found Jupiter first? ›

While Jupiter has been known since ancient times, the first detailed observations of this planet were made by Galileo Galilei in 1610 with a small telescope.

What was Jupiter powers? ›

The Romans attributed Jupiter with all the powers of the heavens namely rain, thunder, and his primary weapon, lightning (Smith, 1867, p. 659).

Was Jupiter named after a god? ›

The Romans bestowed the names of gods and goddesses on the five planets that could be seen in the night sky with the naked eye. Jupiter, the solar system's biggest planet, was named for the king of the Roman gods, while the reddish color of the planet Mars led the Romans to name it after their god of war.

Why is Jupiter the most powerful god? ›

According to Roman mythology, Jupiter became the most powerful god by replacing his father, Saturn, as king of the gods.

How big is Jupiter facts for kids? ›

Jupiter is so huge that it could contain more than 1,000 Earths. Its diameter, or distance through its center, is about 89,000 miles (143,000 kilometers). Jupiter is a kind of planet called a gas giant. It consists almost entirely of gases, mainly hydrogen and helium.

How was Jupiter born? ›

But how did such a behemoth arise? Conventional theory says that Jupiter formed more or less where it is now, about five times farther from the Sun than Earth is. At that distance, the disk of gas and dust that swirled around the young Sun was dense enough to give birth to the planetary goliath.

Who named Jupiter? ›

It is believed that the Spanish named the area Jobe after the native residents (the Jobe [HO-bay] Indians). By the way, this is where Hobe Sound got its name. The British had a tendency to Anglicize most of the words they found and changed Jove (the Roman name for Zeus) to their version called Jupiter.

Who is Jupiter's wife? ›

Jupiter was particularly promiscuous, a fact that made for much strife between him and his wife Juno, the goddess of marriage.

Who is Jupiter's father? ›

Saturn, according to Roman mythology, is Jupiter's father. Being the elder, it is the slowest and most distant planet that can be seen with the naked eye. Saturn takes 29 years to orbit the Sun, which is as long as the average lifespan back in Roman times.

How did Jupiter become a god? ›

He was also known as the god of justice. He was named king of the gods in the special meeting that followed his overthrow of the god Saturn (Cronus in Greek mythology) and the Titans. In the council of the gods that followed Saturn's overthrow, Jupiter was crowned Lord of Heaven and Earth and of all the gods.

What are 5 amazing facts? ›

5 amazing science facts that will blow your mind
  • A teaspoonful of neutron star. ...
  • Metals that explode when in contact with water. ...
  • Hawaii is moving closer to Alaska by 7.5cm every year. ...
  • Sunflowers are known as hyperaccumulators. ...
  • A cockroach can live for up to one week without its head.
15 Nov 2021

What are 20 interesting facts about Earth for kids? ›

Easy Earth Facts for Kids
  • Earth is our home planet!
  • Our Earth is around 4.5 billion years old! ...
  • Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
  • Earth goes around the sun in a circle!
  • Our solar system in outer space has 8 planets! ...
  • Earth is the fifth largest planet in our solar system!
  • Earth is the only known planet with humans!

What are 2 interesting facts about Saturn? ›

10 Interesting Facts About Saturn
  • Saturn Can Float in Water. ...
  • Saturn Isn't Round. ...
  • Saturn Has Had Four Visitors Since We Started Launching Probes. ...
  • The Age of Saturn's Rings Is Unknown. ...
  • Saturn Can Be Seen With the Naked Eye. ...
  • Saturn's Moons May Have Life. ...
  • Jupiter and Saturn Together Make up Most of the Solar System.
25 Aug 2020

What are 10 facts about Saturn for kids? ›

Top 10 Facts about Saturn
  • Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun. ...
  • You can't stand on Saturn. ...
  • Saturn has rings. ...
  • Saturn's rings aren't solid. ...
  • It's very windy on Saturn. ...
  • You can see Saturn through a telescope. ...
  • Saturn has more moons than any other planet in the Solar System. ...
  • Saturn has a moon bigger than Mercury.

What are 3 interesting facts about Uranus? ›

Top 10 Facts about Uranus
  • Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. ...
  • It was the first planet to be discovered through a telescope. ...
  • You could fit 63 Earths inside Uranus. ...
  • Uranus is an 'Ice Giant' ...
  • Uranus has 13 rings. ...
  • The discoverer of Uranus wanted it to be called Georgium Sidus.

Is Jupiter a Titan or a god? ›

Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter) is the king of the gods in Roman mythology. He was the god of the sky and thunder. His brother's name was Pluto and his sister was Ceres.

What god is Jupiter ruled by? ›

Zeus, in ancient Greek religion, chief deity of the pantheon, a sky and weather god who was identical with the Roman god Jupiter.

Is Jupiter Blue? ›

Jupiter isn't the most colorful spot in the solar system. It looks like a watercolor swirl of white, orange, brown, yellow and bit of dull red like we see in the Great Red Spot. A NASA image released Friday shows Jupiter looking very deep blue, a color we more strongly associate with our own planet.

What are 5 interesting facts about Pluto? ›

9 Facts About Pluto You Need to Know
  • Pluto was first discovered by a young research assistant in 1930.
  • An 11-year-old girl gave Pluto its name.
  • Pluto is smaller than Earth's moon but larger than previously thought.
  • Disney's Pluto the dog was named after the former planet.
  • Pluto has a heart shape on its surface.
14 Jul 2015

What planet rains diamonds? ›

On Saturn it occasionally rains diamonds.

What are 5 facts about Uranus? ›

Structure and Surface
  • Uranus is surrounded by a set of 13 rings.
  • Uranus is an ice giant (instead of a gas giant). ...
  • Uranus has a thick atmosphere made of methane, hydrogen, and helium.
  • Uranus is the only planet that spins on its side.
  • Uranus spins the opposite direction as Earth and most other planets.

How old would a 20 year old be on Jupiter? ›

3. To find your age on the outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto), divide your age in Earth years by the approximate length of the planet's year in Earth years. This is your “new” age. For example, a 20 year old on Earth would only be 1.7 years old on Jupiter because 20 / 12 = 1.7.

How many years will Jupiter last? ›

Why Jupiter could be the final girl of the solar system - until a star kicks it out. Around 5.4 billion years from now, a space horror will happen.

How old would a 13 year old be on Mars? ›

This is roughly 1.88 times the length of a year on Earth, so to calculate your age on Mars we simply have to divide your Earth age by 1.88.

How long was a day 2000 years ago? ›

In Earth's early history, a day was 23.5 hours and a year lasted 372 days.

Can you age in space? ›

Scientists have recently observed for the first time that, on an epigenetic level, astronauts age more slowly during long-term simulated space travel than they would have if their feet had been planted on Planet Earth.

What's special about Jupiter? ›

Jupiter is the fifth planet from our Sun and is, by far, the largest planet in the solar system – more than twice as massive as all the other planets combined. Jupiter's stripes and swirls are actually cold, windy clouds of ammonia and water, floating in an atmosphere of hydrogen and helium.

Where is Jupiter now 2022? ›

In 2022, Jupiter moved from Pisces to Aries and then back to Pisces (the sign it is currently residing in now) during the nearly four month retrograde cycle that began on July 28th. When Jupiter previously moved into Aries on May 10th, we felt confident, self-assured, and eager to take charge.

What is Jupiter old name? ›

Jupiter, also called Jove, Latin Iuppiter, Iovis, orDiespiter, the chief ancient Roman and Italian god.

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